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Management Implication and Hardware

How does management evaluate what is the most appropriate type of hardware for their needs? Hardware is the equipment and devices that make up a computer system as opposed to the programs that are used on it. Hardware is part of the major areas of information systems needed by business professionals in today’s every day life. The concept or hardware resources include all physical devices and materials used in information processing. It not only includes machines, such as computers and other equipment, but also all data media, that is tangible objects on data which are recorded, from sheets of paper to magnetic or optical desks. Examples of hardware in computer-based information systems are computer systems and computer peripherals. Computer systems consist of central processing units containing microprocessors and a variety of interconnected peripheral devices. Some examples of computer systems are labtops, desktop microcomputer systems, midrange computers systems, and large mainframe computer systems. Some examples of computer peripherals are devices like keyboards or electronic mouse for input of data and commands, a video screen of printer for output of information, and magnetic or optical disks for storage of data resources.

It is important for managers, business professionals, and other knowledge workers in today’s everyday life activities to understand the effective and responsible use and management of information systems and technologies. When you evaluate hardware for a system, you should investigate specific physical and performance characteristics for each hardware component to be acquired.

When it comes to management in selecting the appropriate hardware for their need, they have certain implications regarding the reduction in cost of hardware with time, the reduction in size of hardware with time and the increase in power of hardware with time.

According to O’Brien (2003 pg 361), when you evaluate hardware you must have ten major hardware evaluation factors. The first factor is performance, which is its speed, capacity, and throughput. The second factor is cost, (lease or purchase price). The third factor is reliability, (risk of malfunction and its maintenance requirements). The fourth factor is compatibility that is if it is compatible with existing hardware and software. The fifth factor is technology, which is in what year of its product life cycle is it. The sixth factor is ergonomics (is it user friendly). The seventh factor is connectivity, can it be easily connected to wide area and local area networks that use different types of networks technologies and bandwidth alternatives. The eighth factor is scalability, which is handling the processing demands of a wide range of end user, transactions, queries, and other information processing requirements. The ninth factor is software (application available for the best use of this hardware). The final evaluation is support; hardware must have some type of reliable support.

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